ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure

Information Theory, Entropy and Urban Spatial Structure ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure
7466 RUB

Information Theory, Entropy and Urban Spatial Structure

Модель:
This book aims to show how the Maximum Entropy (MaxEnt) approach has changed deeply the traditional research methods in regional and urban geography as the result of paradigm shifts occurred during the last 50 years. MaxEnt method as pioneered by A. Wilson (1967,1970) and “Spatial Entropy” concept by M. Batty (1974) have been based on the Information Theory that was founded by Shannon (1948), E.T.Jaynes (1957) and Kullback (1959) and others. Information Theory has provided the theoretical foundation for challenging the uncertainty and incomplete information issues concerning the complex urban structure. MaxEnt, as a new logic, aims to assign probabilities “maximally noncommittal” with respect to the missing information. This dissertation applies Spatial Entropy measures to Ankara 1970 and 1990 census data by 34 zones and compares the population density changes during the two decades. This book shall not only guide young generations to understand the past contributions but also encourage them to make further researches under the information-theoric Weltanschauung. - посмотрите ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure на сайте интернет-магазина.
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Urban Spatial Structure Analysis ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure
4631 RUB

Urban Spatial Structure Analysis

Модель:
Uncontrolled rapid urban growth due to built-up area expansion over the last few decades has created critical problems to urban planners. Therefore, it is worth to identify spatial distribution pattern of built-up area in a town. Remote Sensing (RS) and Geographical Information System (GIS) provide a great potential for urban data collection & spatial analysis and not much academic literature exists on how to best utilize these technologies for urban studies. Traditional approaches to data collection and analysis no longer adequate to provide updated information for urban planners. This book, therefore, introduces alternative techniques for data collection, updating, detection of built-up area change and unauthorised constructions, identifying urban spatial distribution pattern considering built-up area density. New GIS spatial analysis techniques such as weighted mean centre and spatial autocorrelation tools introduced. These analysis techniques should help to shed light on the field of urban planning, and should be especially useful to students and professionals in urban planning or anyone else who may be considering utilizing RS and GIS for urban spatial structure analysis. - посмотрите ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure на сайте интернет-магазина.
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A study of Shannon's entropy with moments ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure
6133 RUB

A study of Shannon's entropy with moments

Модель:
Information theory is a branch of applied mathematics, electrical engineering and computer science involving the quantification of information. Information theory is a broad and deep mathematical theory. Shannon introduced the quantitative and qualitative model of communication as a statistical process underlying information theory. Entropy optimization includes maximization and minimization. Maximization of entropy is easy and it can be done by using Lagrange’s method since entropy is concave function. Due to the concavity minimization of entropy is not so simple. But calculation of minimum entropy probability distribution is necessary because knowledge of both maximum and minimum entropy probability distribution gives complete information. In the present book, Shannon entropy is minimized for given any two moments as constraints. As a particular case, minimum Shannon entropy for two moments Harmonic Mean and Harmonic Mean has been calculated for n [any value] and for six faced dice also. - посмотрите ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure на сайте интернет-магазина.
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Commercial Structure Analysis Using GIS ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure
4631 RUB

Commercial Structure Analysis Using GIS

Модель:
Commercial structure has been one of the central themes in urban studies. The analysis of commercial activities and commercial structure has accompanied with the development of modern urban and economic geography. Distribution of changing pattern of commercial activities in the CBD area were not properly identified & not analyzed spatially & temporally for the future planning of the city. As an effective tool to combine geographic data and socio economic data, GIS is one of the essential information sources and analysis tools for urban research. In this study it was experimented to integrate GIS technology to analyze the spatial and temporal variation of commercial structure by developing a plot level database for each retail outlets, which help to find out the variation & spatial distribution pattern of commercial activities. With this understanding of spatial and non spatial analysis of the City Business Area, a comprehensive development plan could be developed for future improvement. Therefore it is necessary to have a properly developed plot level data base for urban renewal requirement in the city planning process. - посмотрите ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure на сайте интернет-магазина.
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Advances in Entanglement and Quantum Information Theory ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure
7204 RUB

Advances in Entanglement and Quantum Information Theory

Модель:
In this book, various types of entanglement have been discussed for systems start from a pure state or mixed states and many new features have been discovered. A general expression of the mixed state entanglement is obtained with the physical significance (with or without the diagonal approximation treatments). The particular advantages of using Shannon entropy are highlighted and the information entropy for different cases has been discussed. Also, the atomic inversion of cold atoms in a microcavity when its center-of-mass (CM) motion is described quantum mechanically is presented, but is distinguished from other treatments by the inclusion of the spatial variation along the cavity axis. It is shown that the spatial dependence of the atomic inversion is very sensitive to changes of the atomic CM motion, as well as the cavity length. For a three-level ultra-cold atoms, different behaviors in the atomic emission are demonstrated for the change in cavity length. - посмотрите ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure на сайте интернет-магазина.
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Fuzzy Probability Spaces, Fuzzy Dynamical Systems, and Entropy ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure
3771 RUB

Fuzzy Probability Spaces, Fuzzy Dynamical Systems, and Entropy

Модель:
When planning experiments it is very important to know the amount of information that we obtain from their realization. It is known that a measure of information is entropy. A usual mathematical model of experiment in the classical information theory is a measurable partition. Partitions are standardly defined in the context of classical sets. It has appeared however, that for a solution of real problems are partitions defined by means of the concept of fuzzy sets more appropriate. The book contains a review of results of author related to the study of entropy in the fuzzy case. These results represent fuzzy generalizations of some concepts from the classical probability theory. The entropy of fuzzy partition can be considered as a measure of information of experiment, the results of which are fuzzy events. The concept of entropy of a fuzzy partition is exploited to define the entropy of fuzzy dynamical systems. Subsequently an ergodic theory for these systems is proposed. Presented results include the corresponding results from the classical ergodic theory as particular cases. The publication might be useful for specialists who deal in their research work with similar issues. - посмотрите ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure на сайте интернет-магазина.
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Spatial Retail Trade Structure ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure
5380 RUB

Spatial Retail Trade Structure

Модель:
The research work titled “Analysis of the Spatial Structure of retail Trade in Pharmaceutical products in Kaduna Metropolis, Nigeria” is a detailed study of the evolution of spatial structure of retail trade in pharmaceutical products in a fast growing metropolis, Kaduna, Nigeria. The study is an in-depth retrospective analysis of the development of spatial structure of retail trade and the influence of policy dynamics in its evolution. Readers of this book, especially Geographers, governments, Urban and Regional Planners, businessmen and women and all those interested in the distribution and patterns of retail activities, will find this material very valuable. - посмотрите ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure на сайте интернет-магазина.
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Land Information System as a tool for Urban Planning ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure
4550 RUB

Land Information System as a tool for Urban Planning

Модель:
Urban areas are growing at a very fast pace. Hence, Planning, development and management of urban areas, especially in the developing countries gain prime importance.Accuracy of the information is the prime requirement for Planning, development and management of the land parcels especially in the urban areas where the land is scarce. Hence there is a need to organize spatial information system for urban planning and management. A land information system gives support to land planning and management by providing information about the land, the resources upon it and the improvements made to it. Already existing Information systems like National Urban Information System (NUIS), Land Management Information System (LMIS) and Spatial Data Infrastructure(SDI) has been studied and found to be devoid of certain information for effective utilization.Hence an Integrated Information System with comprehensive land information system has been developed for urban planning, development and management at different Planning Levels. In addition, a plot level L.I.S has been generated in Geographical Information System (GIS) platform for effective implementation. - посмотрите ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure на сайте интернет-магазина.
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Space, the City and Social Theory ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure
6897 RUB

Space, the City and Social Theory

Модель:
Space, the City and Social Theory offers a clear and critical account of key approaches to cities and urban space within social theory and analysis. It explores the relation of the social and the spatial in the context of critical urban themes: community and anonymity; social difference and spatial divisions; politics and public space; gentrification and urban renewal; gender and sexuality; subjectivity and space; experience and everyday practice in the city. The text adopts an international and interdisciplinary approach, drawing on a range of debates on cities and urban life. It brings together classic perspectives in urban sociology and social theory with the analysis of contemporary urban problems and issues. Rather than viewing the urban simply as a backdrop for more general social processes, the discussion looks at how social and spatial relations shape different versions of the city: as a place of social interaction and of solitude; as a site of difference and segregation; as a space of politics and power; as a landscape of economic and cultural distinction; as a realm of everyday experience and freedom. Similarly, it examines how core social categories – such as class, culture, gender, sexuality and community – are shaped and reproduced in urban contexts. Linking debates in urban studies to wider concerns within social theory and analysis, this accessible text will appeal to undergraduate and postgraduate students in urban sociology, social and cultural geography, urban and cultural studies. - посмотрите ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure на сайте интернет-магазина.
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Space, the City and Social Theory ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure
4374 RUB

Space, the City and Social Theory

Модель:
Space, the City and Social Theory offers a clear and critical account of key approaches to cities and urban space within social theory and analysis. It explores the relation of the social and the spatial in the context of critical urban themes: community and anonymity; social difference and spatial divisions; politics and public space; gentrification and urban renewal; gender and sexuality; subjectivity and space; experience and everyday practice in the city. The text adopts an international and interdisciplinary approach, drawing on a range of debates on cities and urban life. It brings together classic perspectives in urban sociology and social theory with the analysis of contemporary urban problems and issues. Rather than viewing the urban simply as a backdrop for more general social processes, the discussion looks at how social and spatial relations shape different versions of the city: as a place of social interaction and of solitude; as a site of difference and segregation; as a space of politics and power; as a landscape of economic and cultural distinction; as a realm of everyday experience and freedom. Similarly, it examines how core social categories – such as class, culture, gender, sexuality and community – are shaped and reproduced in urban contexts. Linking debates in urban studies to wider concerns within social theory and analysis, this accessible text will appeal to undergraduate and postgraduate students in urban sociology, social and cultural geography, urban and cultural studies. - посмотрите ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure на сайте интернет-магазина.
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Road Transportation and Spatial Urban Development ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure
3639 RUB

Road Transportation and Spatial Urban Development

Модель:
Road transportation and urban development are closely interwoven. All types of urban development including horizontal, vertical and qualitative are influenced by the quality and quantity of transport infrastructure. The book attempts to establish a relationship among various components of urban transportation like road traffic density, accessibility and passenger car units with components of spatial urban development like spatial structure, sprawl and urban form. However, the influence of transportation in shaping urban landscape is universally accepted. It is the time to explore the possibilities of urban development from the prospective of Transport Geography. Thus, the work provides an insight to understand the pattern of spatial urban development from the perspective of road transportation. Present work is based on research entitled ‘Road Transportation and Urban Development: A Case Study of Metropolitan Lucknow’ from Department of Geography, Lucknow University, India. - посмотрите ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure на сайте интернет-магазина.
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Palestine Urban Geography ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure
5380 RUB

Palestine Urban Geography

Модель:
Palestine experienced five different ruling regimes which left their footprints on physical spatial structure of the area affecting settlements distribution and layout. Ottoman rule, the British Mandate, Jordanian rule, Israeli occupation, and the Palestinian National Authority each ruled the area and contributed to the recent shape and physical spatial fabric of the region. This book is intended to introduce Palestine’s geography and spatial changes which took place since the middle of the 19th century. It is mainly aimed at students studying geo-politics of Palestine and the Arab-Israeli conflict, but it is hoped it will be of interest to a wider range of general readers too. The book is a combination of interrelated topics grouped into five main sections. The sections are not intended to be strongly thematic, nor strictly chronological in structure. - посмотрите ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure на сайте интернет-магазина.
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Measures of Information and their Applications to various Disciplines ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure
6133 RUB

Measures of Information and their Applications to various Disciplines

Модель:
The present book provides the applications of uncertain measures to the field of queueing theory for measuring variations in steady and non-steady birth-death process. Moreover, we have given the applications of probabilistic measures by studying the maximum entropy principle. Another field of interest is the theory of coding which deals with probability distributions only but we have extended the idea to fuzzy distributions by proving new fuzzy coding theorems corresponding to the well-known measures of weighted fuzzy entropy. The book also deals with the applications of measures of entropy for the study of contingency tables and thus provides applications to the field of statistics. I sincerely hope that the present volume of the book will be useful to all those interested in information measures and their applications in a variety of disciplines. Moreover, it will be a source of inspiration and encouragement to research scholars and teachers to discourse the subject for the discovery of new insights. - посмотрите ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure на сайте интернет-магазина.
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Spatial Transformation  of the Waterfront ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure
5576 RUB

Spatial Transformation of the Waterfront

Модель:
This work presents the spatial transformations on the waterfront of Durres, a port city in Albania, within a predefined timeframe:before, during and after socialism. The main concern of the research is the examination of the impact of political, social and economic actors, as well as morphological and geographic conditions in transforming the urban space and environment. The aim of the study is to understand how space was (re)produced, used and transformed in three different and consecutive systems and the relations set among actors involved in these process. While making a descriptive and comparative spatial analysis, the physical & programmatic elements of the waterfront constitute essential tools of examination. Along with the information on space production process inherent of three political systems, concentrating the attention on the waterfront as an important element of the urban structure; this work brings some understanding on subjects related to the actual spatial transformations occurring in the city and it social space. Finally, by affirming the waterfront as an edge condition, the notion of ‘edge’ and its meaning in the socialist and post-socialist city is elaborated. - посмотрите ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure на сайте интернет-магазина.
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Urban Air pollution and Vulnerable Area ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure
4631 RUB

Urban Air pollution and Vulnerable Area

Модель:
Air pollution is a critical problem of urbanization and industrialization all over the world and it has created number of problems in the city of Colombo. It is responsible for eradicating of plants, animals and causing human health problems. The study has examined the spatial variation in NO2 and SO2 concentration pertaining to air pollution and some areas have been identified as vulnerable areas. It is vital to discover spatial distribution pattern of air pollution in urban area and study the vulnerable sites using Remote Sensing (RS) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS). These technologies helped to satellite image analysis and spatial analysis. Very few academic literatures exist on correct usage of these technologies for studies. Traditional methods of data collection have limited access to analyze data and updated information which are vital for urban planners & policy makers. This book will provide information for the new techniques of data collection, updating existing data, exposure of vegetation cover, surface temperature & identification of highest polluted & vulnerable areas of the city which should be valuable to researchers & Professionals in urban planning. - посмотрите ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure на сайте интернет-магазина.
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Spatial organisation in Geography ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure
4468 RUB

Spatial organisation in Geography

Модель:
This book seeks to establish factors that influences the spatial location and interaction of human societies, determine the growth and development of human geography, explain the philosophical and methodological evolution of human geography during the classical, modern and contemporary phases, describe the spatial structure of rural and urban land uses with reference to various theories, determine the types and barriers of spatial diffusion of ideas and behaviour of man in society. - посмотрите ozcan esmer information theory entropy and urban spatial structure на сайте интернет-магазина.
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